1)      When a little bit of blood is present then it is good.

When a wound or scrape has a little bit of blood, then that is good because blood keeps wounds clean. When dealing with a small wound or scrape, bleeding usually stops fairly quickly. But to help bleeding stop quicker, you should place pressure on the wound with a sterile gauze or piece of tissue.  In the event of blood permeating through the gauze, place another piece of tissue or sterile gauze on top so that you don’t remove the first gauze which may cause the wound to bleed again.

2)      Cleaning your wounds and scrapes in a gentle manner.

When dealing with a cut or scrape, taking the necessary steps to clean the wound would facilitate the healing process. When you first have a cut or scrape, place the wound or scrape under cool running water. Take out any dirt or debris with sterilized tweezers. Then wash out the wound or scrape with soap and a soft piece of cloth. You should try avoiding using iodine, hydrogen peroxide, or alcohol because that may cause further irritation.


3)      Using an antibiotic cream for a wound.

People may not realize that using antibiotic cream can be very helpful for a wound because it keeps the wound moist. When treating a wound, place a thin layer of antibiotic cream on the cut. Some people may be allergic to antibiotic cream, therefore, if you experience a rash then stop using it immediately.

4)      Should you use a bandage?

When you have a wound or scrape, leaving out in the open to rub on clothes can cause infection and irritation. If you are not sure on what to do, then use cover your wound or scrap with an adhesive bandage to prevent bacteria and prevent you from touching it!

5)      When do you know if you have a latex or adhesive allergy?

If you feel like every time you wear a bandage you feel irritation, itch, or burning then maybe you should switch to using a sterile gauze and paper tape. Another form can be an adhesive-free dressing. When in doubt, you should ask your healthcare professional.

6)      The process of healing.

Immediately after you get a cut or scrape, your body begins to heal the area. White blood cells will begin to attack the bacteria present. Platelets, red blood cells, and fibrin will work together to form a jelly-like layer over the cut which will turn into a scab. Even when your scab gets itchy, you should try not to touch it and leave it exactly where it is.

7)      Treating a minor burn.

All of us have experienced a minor burn at some point in our lives: whether getting a burn when taking out your bagel from the toaster oven to having hot soup spill on your skin. Treating it the proper way can prevent a painful experience.  When you first burn yourself, you should immediately let cool running water fall on your burn. You would then wash it gently with water and soap. Even if you get a blister, you should not touch it or try to get rid of it –it will help you heal faster.

8)      Treating surgical wounds.

When treating surgical wounds, you have to make sure that the bandage covers the incision and the dressing is changed daily. The area has to be dry to prevent any complications. If you see redness or swelling, you should consult your healthcare professional.

9)      The signs of infection.

If there is redness that spreads onto the skin accompanied with swelling, green or yellow discharge, and tenderness and burning along the wound –it may be indications of an infection. Other indications may be swollen lymph nodes around neck, armpit, and groin along with chills, fevers and body aches. If you notice any of these signs, you should call your doctor immediately.

10)   Certain wounds that may need immediate medical attention.

If your wound does not stop bleeding after applying pressure to it for 5 to 10 minutes or the wound is more than half an inch deep, it requires medical attention. Also, if the wound seems to have a wide opening or seems to be ragged—you should seek medical attention. Other clear signs of wounds that may require medical attention would be a dirty, painful wound or an animal bite. You should also be up to date on your tetanus shot and if you are not sure, call your doctor!

This is not intended to offer medical advice.

Resource: http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/wound-care-10/slideshow-caring-for-wounds


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